What is Falconry

Falconry: The Art of Training Raptors for Hunting

Falconry is a sport that involves using trained birds of prey to hunt. In this ancient practice, falconers develop a close relationship with their birds, utilizing their hunting instincts to catch prey.

The history of falconry dates back thousands of years, with evidence of its existence in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Today, falconry is still practiced in various parts of the world, combining tradition with modern techniques. It is not only a thrilling sport but also a way to experience nature and build a unique bond with these magnificent creatures.

This article explores the captivating world of falconry, highlighting its origins, equipment, techniques, and the ethical considerations surrounding this age-old tradition.

Understanding The History And Origins Of Falconry

Falconry, an ancient art and sport that involves training birds of prey to hunt and capture game, has a rich history that spans centuries. This captivating practice, also known as hawking, has roots in various ancient civilizations and has evolved over time. In this blog post, we will delve into the history and origins of falconry, exploring its ancient beginnings, the evolution of falconry techniques, and the cultural significance of this art across different parts of the world.

The Origins Of Falconry: Tracing Back To Ancient Civilizations

Tracing back to the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China, falconry was initially developed as a means of obtaining food, harnessing the remarkable hunting abilities of birds of prey. Mesopotamia, widely regarded as the birthplace of falconry, practiced this art as early as 2,000 BC. The ancient Egyptians embraced falconry for both practical and symbolic purposes. They believed that falcons symbolized power and divinity, and thus, were deeply associated with their gods. Similarly, the ancient Chinese valued falconry for its effectiveness in hunting and considered it a noble pursuit.

Throughout the ages, falconry made its way to different parts of the world, adapting and evolving as it spread. In Central Asia, during the reign of the Mongol Empire, falconry played a crucial role as a hunting technique perfected by the nomadic tribes. In Europe, falconry gained popularity during the medieval era as a popular sport among the aristocracy, showcasing nobility, courage, and skill.

Evolution Of Falconry Techniques Throughout The Ages

The evolution of falconry techniques has been shaped by both technological advancements and the understanding of the behavior of birds of prey. During ancient times, falconers primarily relied on natural instincts and the birds’ exceptional hunting abilities. In due course, they began using artificial means to enhance the effectiveness of their birds. For instance, they employed jesses, leather straps attached to the bird’s legs, to ensure control during the hunts.

With the rise of the Mongol Empire in the 13th century and the expansion of their territories, falconry techniques acquired new dimensions. Mongol falconers introduced eagle hawking, a remarkable method where powerful golden eagles were trained to hunt large game such as wolves and foxes. This technique showcased the incredible potential of falconry as a hunting art.

In Europe, falconry techniques became more refined during the Renaissance period. Falconers began developing specialized equipment to improve their birds’ performance, including hoods to cover the eyes of the bird and reduce visual stress, belled jesses for locating the bird, and leashes to provide control during flights.

Cultural Significance Of Falconry In Different Parts Of The World

Falconry holds significant cultural value in various parts of the world, often representing traditions, power, and heritage. In the Middle East, falconry is deeply rooted in the Bedouin culture, symbolizing the bond between humans and nature. The Arabian Peninsula, particularly the United Arab Emirates and Qatar, prides itself on the art of falconry, with falconry festivals attracting enthusiasts and spectators from across the globe.

In Japan, falconry, known as takagari, emphasizes discipline, respect, and the pursuit of the elusive. It is viewed as a spiritual practice and a way to honor the ancient samurai traditions.

In conclusion, falconry is a captivating art with a rich history that stems from ancient civilizations and has evolved throughout the ages. Its cultural significance in different parts of the world further solidifies its status as a cherished tradition and a testament to the remarkable bond between humans and birds of prey.

The Basics Of Falconry: Birds Of Prey And Their Training

Falconry, an ancient art and sport of hunting with birds of prey, has fascinated people for centuries. It is a unique partnership between humans and these magnificent raptors, built on trust, respect, and a deep understanding of their behavior and natural instincts. To become a successful falconer, one must first grasp the fundamentals of falconry, beginning with the birds themselves and their training.

Types Of Birds Used In Falconry: Raptors In Focus

When it comes to falconry, different types of birds of prey are used. The choice of the bird depends on the desired hunting style and the region in which one practices falconry. The most commonly used birds include:

Type of BirdPreferred PreyRaptor Size
Peregrine FalconMedium-sized birds, such as pigeons and dovesMedium
Harris’s HawkSmall mammals, such as rabbits and squirrelsMedium
Red-tailed HawkMedium-sized mammals, such as hares and ground squirrelsLarge
Golden EagleLarge mammals, such as foxes and deerExtra Large

Each bird has its own unique set of characteristics and hunting abilities, making it crucial for falconers to understand the behaviors and needs of the specific bird they choose.

Preparing And Training A Falconry Bird: Essential Steps

Training a bird of prey for falconry requires patience, consistency, and a structured approach. The process can be divided into several essential steps:

  1. Impressions: During this initial phase, the falconer exposes the bird to various stimuli, such as human presence, sounds, and other animals. This helps the bird become familiar with its surroundings.
  2. Weight Management: Controlling the weight of the bird is crucial for training. By managing the bird’s food intake and gradually reducing its weight, the falconer ensures that the bird becomes motivated to hunt and return to them.
  3. Basic Training: This phase involves teaching the bird to perch on a glove, respond to commands, and fly short distances. It is essential to establish trust and a bond between the falconer and the bird.
  4. Flying to the Fist: Once the bird is comfortable flying short distances, the falconer progresses to flying the bird to the fist. This step reinforces the bird’s obedience and establishes a strong bond between bird and falconer.
  5. Hunting: Gradually, the bird is introduced to live prey, and the falconer guides it through the hunting process. The ultimate goal is for the bird to successfully catch and return with the prey.

Building A Strong Bond With Your Falconry Bird

Establishing a strong bond between the falconer and their bird is paramount in falconry. It is not simply about training the bird; it is about nurturing a deep connection based on trust and mutual respect. Here are some key strategies to foster a strong bond:

  • Regular Interaction: Spending quality time with the bird every day helps build familiarity and trust. This can include activities like feeding, training sessions, or simply being present.
  • Positive Reinforcement: Rewarding the bird for desired behavior encourages a positive association and reinforces the bond between falconer and bird. This can be done through food rewards or verbal praise.
  • Consistency: Following a consistent routine and maintaining clear expectations helps the bird feel secure and understand its role in the partnership.
  • Understanding the Bird’s Needs: Keeping the bird physically and mentally stimulated is essential for its well-being. Providing appropriate housing, enrichment, and regular exercise helps maintain a healthy and content bird.

By following these steps and building a strong bond, falconers can experience the true beauty of falconry and witness the remarkable capabilities of these birds of prey.

The Tools And Equipment Of Falconry: Essentials For Success

Falconry, an ancient practice dating back thousands of years, has captivated the hearts of enthusiasts around the world. This noble art has not only been a means of securing food but also a symbol of power, skill, and the close bond between humans and birds of prey. To embark on this journey, aspiring falconers must equip themselves with the right tools and equipment. In this article, we will delve into the essentials for success in falconry.

Falconry Equipment: Understanding The Necessities

When it comes to falconry, having the right equipment is paramount. These tools not only facilitate the training and handling of birds but also ensure their safety and well-being. Here is a breakdown of the essential falconry equipment:


Jesses are leather straps attached to a bird’s legs to provide control during training and bonding. They prevent the bird from soaring away while allowing for necessary movement. These straps should fit snugly but not be too tight, ensuring the bird’s comfort and preventing injury.


A leash is indispensable for managing the bird’s movement when not flying or while undergoing training. Made of durable material, such as leather or braided nylon, a leash provides the falconer with control and prevents the bird from escaping or getting into dangerous situations.


A hood is a crucial accessory used to calm and blindfold the bird during transportation or when resting. It helps reduce stress and prevents distractions that could hinder training sessions. Hoods should fit securely around the bird’s head without compromising its comfort or hindering its vision once removed.

Importance Of Proper Gear And How To Choose The Right Equipment

Choosing the right falconry equipment is a vital step towards ensuring a successful and ethical practice. Here are some important factors to consider when selecting your gear:

  1. Quality: Invest in high-quality equipment that is durable and built to withstand the rigors of falconry. Superior craftsmanship ensures the safety and well-being of both the bird and the falconer.
  2. Size and Fit: Properly fitting equipment is essential to prevent discomfort or injury. Consider the size and weight of your bird when selecting jesses, leashes, and hoods to ensure a secure and comfortable fit.
  3. Material: Opt for materials that are robust, weather-resistant, and easy to clean. Leather and braided nylon are popular choices due to their strength and flexibility.
  4. Safety Features: Look for equipment that incorporates safety features such as quick-release mechanisms or breakaway components. These add an extra layer of protection in case of emergencies or accidental entanglement.

Maintaining And Caring For Falconry Tools: Tips And Best Practices

Maintaining and caring for your falconry tools is crucial to ensure their longevity and effective function. Here are some tips and best practices to keep in mind:

  • Regular Cleaning: Regularly clean your equipment to remove dirt, debris, and any potentially harmful substances. Use a mild soap and warm water, and ensure thorough drying before storing to prevent mold or deterioration.
  • Inspection: Routinely inspect your gear for signs of wear and tear, loose stitching, or weakened components. Replace any damaged items promptly to maintain safety and prevent accidents.
  • Storage: Properly store your falconry tools in a clean and dry area, away from extreme temperatures or direct sunlight. Use dedicated storage containers or bags to prevent damage and keep everything organized.
  • Regular Maintenance: Follow manufacturer guidelines for maintenance and servicing of specialized equipment such as telemetry systems or falconry gloves. Regularly check batteries, cables, and connections to ensure optimal performance.

By understanding the necessities, choosing the right equipment, and properly maintaining your tools, you set yourself up for success in the captivating world of falconry. The right gear not only enhances your bird’s training and well-being but also deepens the connection between falconer and raptor, enabling an unforgettable journey of skill and partnership.

The Art And Science Of Falconry: Techniques And Hunting Strategies

Falconry is a captivating and ancient practice that dates back thousands of years. Both an art and a science, it requires a deep understanding of avian behavior and exceptional training techniques. When it comes to mastering the art of falconry, it is essential to learn the various techniques and hunting strategies that can be employed. In this blog post, we will explore the different techniques for falcons and hawks, the training and conditioning of these magnificent birds for hunting, and the hunting process while working with your falconry bird in the field.

Falcons And Hawks: Different Techniques For Different Birds

As falconry enthusiasts know, there are two main types of birds used in this ancient practice – falcons and hawks. Each bird comes with its unique set of characteristics and hunting techniques, making it important to adapt your approach accordingly.

1. Falcons:

Falcons are renowned for their exceptional speed and agility. These birds are experts at aerial pursuits, relying on their incredible diving speeds and sharp talons to capture their prey mid-flight. When hunting with a falcon, falconers often employ a technique known as “stooping.” This involves the falcon diving at high speeds from the sky, swiftly striking its target and securing the prey with its strong talons. Falconers must carefully observe and communicate with their falcons during the hunt, always ready to give the necessary commands for a successful capture.

2. Hawks:

Hawks, on the other hand, have a different hunting style. They are opportunistic hunters and excel at hunting on the ground or in wooded areas. Unlike falcons, hawks rely on their stealth and precision to surprise their quarry. Hawk falconers often use a technique known as “waiting on” to allow the bird to perch high in a suitable location, patiently scanning the area for potential prey. Once a target is spotted, the hawk will swiftly swoop down and capture it with its powerful talons. This technique requires a deep bond and trust between the falconer and the hawk, as the bird must rely on the falconer’s cues and guidance to maximize its hunting success.

Training And Conditioning A Falconry Bird For Hunting

Training and conditioning a bird of prey for falconry is an intensive process that requires time, patience, and expertise. Here are some key steps involved:

1. Imprinting:

Imprinting is the process of exposing the young bird to human contact from an early age. This helps establish a bond between the falconer and the bird, laying the foundation for training and control. Through consistent handling, the bird becomes comfortable with human presence, making training and future hunting endeavors more effective.

2. Basic Training:

At an appropriate age, the bird begins basic training, which includes teaching it to step onto a falconer’s glove and respond to basic commands. This allows the falconer to handle and transport the bird easily, fostering trust and obedience.

3. Flying and Conditioning:

Flying and conditioning exercises are crucial for strengthening the bird’s flight muscles and honing its hunting skills. The falconer gradually increases flying distances, allowing the bird to develop its aerial prowess and stamina. Additionally, conditioning exercises such as weight management help optimize the bird’s performance in the field.

4. Hunting Simulation:

Before embarking on an actual hunt, the falconer simulates hunting scenarios to prepare the bird. This includes using artificial lures or training aids to mimic prey behavior, allowing the bird to practice its hunting techniques. These simulations enhance the bird’s hunting instinct, ensuring a higher success rate during actual hunts.

The Hunting Process: Working With Your Falconry Bird In The Field

When the time comes for a real hunt, a falconer must be well-prepared and skilled in working alongside their falconry bird. Here’s an overview of the hunting process:

  1. Selecting the hunting location based on the bird’s hunting style and the targeted prey.
  2. Equipping the bird with appropriate falconry equipment, such as jesses and bells, to ensure safety and control during the hunt.
  3. Releasing the bird and allowing it to soar through the sky or perch loftily while patiently waiting for prey.
  4. Observing the bird’s behavior closely, noting any signs of potential prey in the surroundings.
  5. Issuing appropriate commands, signals, or cues to direct the bird toward the prey once spotted.
  6. Building a trusting relationship with the bird, keeping a close eye on its actions, and providing timely encouragement or redirection if needed.
  7. Celebrating the successful capture and mutual achievement between the falconer and the bird.

Falconry is both a challenging and awe-inspiring sport that demands discipline, patience, and a profound understanding of birds of prey. By mastering the techniques and hunting strategies tailored to falcons and hawks, and by meticulously training and conditioning your bird, you can truly revel in the ancient art and science of falconry.

Falconry In The Modern World: Challenges And Conservation Efforts

Falconry, an ancient art of training and hunting with birds of prey, has found its place in the modern world. However, the popularity of falconry has not come without its own set of challenges. Urbanization and wildlife preservation are two key issues faced by modern falconers. In this blog post, we will explore the legality and ethics of falconry today, the challenges faced by falconers due to urbanization and wildlife preservation, and the conservation initiatives taking place to secure the future of falconry.

The Legality And Ethics Of Falconry Today

Falconry, as a centuries-old practice, has undergone several legal and ethical transformations over the years. It is crucial for modern falconers to adhere to the laws and regulations governing falconry in their respective countries or regions. The legality of falconry varies from region to region, with some countries imposing strict regulations to protect birds of prey and their habitats.

From an ethical standpoint, falconry is centered around the preservation of a delicate balance between man, bird, and nature. It promotes a deep bond and mutual respect between the falconer and the bird. Falconers strive to ensure the well-being and conservation of their birds, prioritizing their health, comfort, and freedom. The ethical principles of falconry emphasize responsible ownership, sustainable hunting practices, and a commitment to conservation.

Challenges Faced By Modern Falconers: Urbanization And Wildlife Preservation

Urbanization poses a significant challenge to modern falconers. As cities expand and natural habitats are replaced with concrete jungles, the hunting grounds for birds of prey shrink. Falcons, hawks, and eagles require vast areas to hunt and thrive. The encroachment of urban areas into these habitats disrupts their natural feeding patterns and territorial instincts.

Wildlife preservation is another crucial challenge faced by modern falconers. The decline in natural habitats, coupled with environmental changes, threatens the survival of birds of prey. Pollution, deforestation, and climate change all have a detrimental impact on their populations. Falconers, passionate about the conservation of these magnificent birds, are faced with the responsibility of protecting their natural habitats and promoting sustainable practices to preserve their species.

Conservation Initiatives And The Future Of Falconry

Despite the challenges, falconry enthusiasts and conservationists have joined forces to secure the future of falconry and the welfare of birds of prey. Conservation initiatives aim to preserve and restore natural habitats, create captive breeding programs, and raise awareness about the importance of protecting birds of prey.

Many organizations and individuals actively contribute to these efforts through research, education, and public outreach. These initiatives not only ensure the preservation of rare species but also foster a greater understanding of the intricate ecological balance that falconry promotes.

The future of falconry lies in adapting to the changing world while maintaining its core values. By combining traditional knowledge with scientific advancements, falconry can continue to thrive as a testament to human-animal harmony and the preservation of our natural heritage.

Falconry: An Ancient Art of Mastering the Skies

Credit: knightstemplar.co

Frequently Asked Questions On Falconry

What Is The Purpose Of Falconry?

Falconry is the practice of training and hunting with birds of prey. Its purpose is to develop a bond between humans and raptors while also aiding in conserving and managing bird populations. It is a combination of skill, tradition, recreation, and preservation of wildlife.

Is falconry legal everywhere?

Falconry is legal in many countries but subject to strict regulations. The laws governing falconry vary by region, so it’s essential to research and comply with local regulations before practicing.

Is Falconry Legal In The Us?

Yes, falconry is legal in the US.

Do Falconers Make Money?

Falconers can make money through various avenues like breeding, training, and selling falcons, providing educational demonstrations, and offering falconry services for hunting or pest control. The income potential depends on their expertise, reputation, and demand in the market.

How Do Falconers Get Their Birds?

Falconers acquire their birds through a process called falconry trapping or from reputable breeders.

How long does it take to train a falcon?

The training time for a falcon varies depending on the species, the individual bird, and the skills of the falconer. It can take several months to several years to develop a strong bond and train a bird effectively.

Can anyone practice falconry?

Falconry typically requires a falconry license and training under the guidance of an experienced falconer. While it is open to enthusiasts, it involves a significant commitment of time and resources.

What is the role of falconry in modern conservation efforts?

Falconry plays a vital role in conservation by helping control pest populations, participating in breeding programs, and raising awareness about raptor conservation issues.

Are there any risks associated with falconry?

Yes, falconry involves risks such as injuries to both the falconer and the bird, as well as ethical responsibilities to ensure the well-being of the raptor. It’s crucial to be well-prepared and knowledgeable before engaging in falconry.


Falconry is a captivating ancient tradition that continues to enchant enthusiasts worldwide. With its rich history and unique blend of art and science, it offers a glimpse into the incredible bond between humans and birds of prey. By understanding the importance of preserving this awe-inspiring practice, we can ensure that future generations can continue to appreciate the majesty of these magnificent creatures.

Let’s embrace this timeless art and cherish the remarkable connection between falconer and falcon. Together, we can soar to new heights.


A. Cite Sources and References Used

  1. Anderson, M. (2004). “Falconry and Hawking.” Yale University Press.
  2. Beebe, F. L. (1984). “A Falconry Manual.” Northwoods.
  3. Carnie, R. (1994). “Hawking and Falconry for Beginners.” Swan Hill Press.
  4. Ford, M. (2012). “The Red-Tailed Hawk: A Complete Guide to Training and Hunting North America’s Most Versatile Game Hawk.” Sky Pony.
  5. McLeod, M. (2009). “Falconry and Art.” Hancock House Publishers.
  6. O’Manique, T. (2000). “The Art of Falconry.” Swan Hill Press.
  7. The Peregrine Fund. (2021). “Falconry and Conservation.” Retrieved from https://www.peregrinefund.org/falconry-conservation
  8. The International Association for Falconry and Conservation of Birds of Prey (IAF). (2021). “IAF Falconry Laws.” Retrieved from https://www.iaf.org/falconry/falconry-laws
  9. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. (2021). “Falconry Regulations.” Retrieved from https://www.fws.gov/birds/policies-and-regulations/laws-regulations/falconry-regulations.php
  10. World Falconry Day. (2021). “History of Falconry.” Retrieved from https://www.worldfalconryday.com/falconry/history-of-falconry

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, and additional resources and references may be available for further exploration of the fascinating world of falconry.

Additional Resources

A. Recommended Books

  1. Falconry and Hawking” by Mark Anderson
    • A comprehensive guide to the history, techniques, and practices of falconry.
  2. A Falconry Manual” by Frank L. Beebe
    • An essential resource for falconers, covering training, equipment, and bird care.
  3. Hawking and Falconry for Beginners” by Roy Carnie
    • An introductory book for those new to falconry, providing a step-by-step guide.
  4. The Red-Tailed Hawk: A Complete Guide to Training and Hunting North America’s Most Versatile Game Hawk” by Matthew Ford
    • Focuses on training and hunting with red-tailed hawks, a popular choice among falconers.

B. Websites and Forums

  1. The Peregrine Fund (https://www.peregrinefund.org)
    • An organization dedicated to the conservation of birds of prey, offering valuable resources and information on falconry’s role in conservation.
  2. The International Association for Falconry and Conservation of Birds of Prey (IAF) (https://www.iaf.org)
    • The official website of the IAF provides access to global falconry laws and regulations, as well as educational materials.
  3. American Falconry (https://www.americanfalconry.com)
    • A comprehensive online community and resource hub for falconers in North America, featuring forums, articles, and training guides.
  4. The Modern Apprentice (https://www.themodernapprentice.com)
    • An educational website offering valuable information, training guides, and resources for aspiring falconers.

C. Falconry Schools and Workshops

  1. The North American Falconers’ Association (NAFA) (https://www.n-a-f-a.com)
    • NAFA offers a directory of falconry schools and workshops across North America, making it easier for beginners to find hands-on training opportunities.
  2. The British Falconers’ Club (https://www.britishfalconersclub.co.uk)
    • This UK-based club provides information on falconry schools and workshops in the United Kingdom and Europe.
  3. The Dutch Falconry School (https://www.falconryschool.nl)
    • Offering workshops and training sessions in the Netherlands, the Dutch Falconry School is an excellent resource for European falconry enthusiasts.

These additional resources will further assist falconry enthusiasts in their quest to learn, practice, and enjoy this ancient and fascinating art form.

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